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two-year period of time during which Congress meets.
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terms list

two-year period of time during which Congress meets.
Period of time during which, each year, Congress assembles and conducts business.
process of distributing seats in a legislative body.
The drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party or group.
continuous body
Governing unit whose seats are never all up for election at the same time.
The people and interests that an elected official represents.
Lawmaker who owes their allegiance to their political party and votes according to the party line.
oversight function
Review by legislative committees of the policies and programs of the executive branch.
General agreement among various groups on fundamental matters.
commerce power
Exclusive power of Congress to regulate interstate and foreign trade.
The legal proceedings by which a bankrupt person's assets are distributed among those to whom he or she owes debts.
The legal process by which citizens of one country become citizens of another.
eminent domain
Power of a government to take private property for public use.
To bring formal charges against a public official.
The act of lying under oath.
Issue a formal condemnation.
electoral college
Group of persons chosen in each state and the District of Columbia every four years who make a formal selection of the President and Vice President.
A political party's formal statement of basic principles, stands on major issues, and objectives.
All the people entitled to vote in a given election.
The authority of a court to hear a case.
In civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal action against another in court.
In a civil suit, the person against whom a court action is brought by the plaintiff or, in a criminal case, the person charged with the crime.
Court decision that stands as an example to be followed in future, similar cases.
A process in which a certain number of qualified voters sign petitions in favor of a proposed statute or constitutional amentment, which then goes directly to the ballot.
police power
The authority of each state to act to protect and promote the public health, safety, morals and general welfare of its people.
A process by which a legislative measure is referred to the state's voters for final approval or rejection.
A petition procedure by which voters may remove an elected official from office before the completion of his or her regular term.
item veto
A governor may veto one or more items in a bill without rejecting the entire measure.
Mercy or leniency granted to an offender by a chief executive.
release from the punishment or legal consequences of a crime by the President (in a federal case) or governor (in a state case).
The power to reduce the length of a sentence or fine for a crime.
The release of a prisoner short of the complete term of the original sentence.
A serious crime which may be punished by a heavy fine and/or imprisonment or even death.
A lesser offense, pubishable by a small fine and/or short jail term.
A justice who handles minor civil complaints and misdemeanor cases that arise in an urban setting.

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