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individual's unique and relatively consistent pattern of thinking, feeling, and behaving.
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terms list

individual's unique and relatively consistent pattern of thinking, feeling, and behaving.
personality theory attempts to
describe and explain how people are similar, how they are different, and why every individual is unique.
Psychoanalytic perspective
emphasizes the importance of unconscious processes and the influence of early childhood experience
Humanistic Perspective
represents an optimistic look at human nature, emphasizing the self and fulfillment of a person's unique potential
social-cognitive perspective
emphasizes learning and conscious cognitive processes, including the importance of beliefs about self, goal setting, and self- regulation
trait perspective
emphasizes the description and measurement of specific personality differences among individuals
rational, planful, mediating dimension of personality
moralistic, judgmental, perfectionist dimension of personality
irrational, illogical, impulsive dimension of personality
information in your immediate awareness
information that can be easily made conscious
thoughts, feelings, urges, and wishes that are difficult to bring to conscious awareness
free association
A psychoanalytical technique in which the patient spontaneously reports all thoughts, feelings, and mental images as they come to mind
dream analysis
dreams contain manifest content and latent content
the Oedipus complex
Child's unconscious sexual desire for the opposite-sex parent, usually accompanied by hostile feelings toward the same-sex parent
ego defense mechanism that reduces anxiety by imitating behavior and characteristics of another person
karen Horney
womb envy; women envy Male's superior status in society
Alfred alder
feelings of inferiority; believed that humans were motivated to grow and achieve their personal goals
actualizing tendency
(Rogers) the innate drive to maintain and enhance the human organism
self concept
the set of perceptions and beliefs that you hold about yourself
positive regard
sense of being loved and valued by others
unconditional positive regard
child's sense of being unconditionally loved and valued, even if he or she doesn't conform to standards and expectations of others
conditional postive regard
child's sense of being valued and loved only if he or she behaves in a way that is acceptable to others
Social cognitive
Emphasizes conscious self regulated behavior
Human behavior and personality are caused by
The interaction of behavioral cognitive environmental factors

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