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Knotted ties that hold an incision together
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terms list

Knotted ties that hold an incision together
wide metal clips
strip or roll of cloth (wrapped around a body part)
type of bandage (generally applied to a particular body part such as the abdomen or breast- made from gauze, muslin, elastic rolls, and stockinette)
Circular Turn
Used to anchor and secure a bandage where it starts and ends. (It simply involves holding the free end of the rolled material in one hand and wrapping it around the area, bringing it back to the starting point)
Spiral Turn
Partly overlaps a previous turn, Used when wrapping cylindrical parts of the body such as the arms and legs. (The amount of overlapping varies from one half to three fourths of the width)
Spiral-Reverse Turn
A modification of a spiral turn, the roll is reversed or turned downward halfway through the turn
Figure-of-eight Turn
Best when bandaging a joint such as the elbow or knee. (This pattern is made by making oblique turns that alternately ascend and descend, stimulating the number 8)
Spica Turn
A variation of the figure-of-eight pattern. (It differs in that the wrap includes a portion of the trunk or chest)
Recurrent Turn
Made by passing the roll back and forth over the tip of a body part. ( Once several recurrent turns are made, the bandage is anchored by completing the application with another basic turn such as the figure-of-eight turn. A recurrent turn is especially beneficial when wrapping the stump of an amputated limb or head)
Principles to Applying roller bandages
1) elevating and support the limb 2) Wrap from a distal to proximal direction 3) Avoid gaps between each turn of the bandages 4) Exert equal, but not excessive, tension with each turn 5) Keep bandages free of wrinkles 6) Secure the end of the roller bandage with metal clips 7) Check the color and sensation of exposed fingers or toes often 8) Remove the bandage for hygiene and replace at least twice a day
Spica Cast
Rigid mold that encircles one or both arms or legs and the chest or trunk
Bandages serve these various purposes
1) Holding dressings in place, especially when tape cannot be used or the dressing is extremely large 2) Supporting the area around a wound or injury to reduce pain 3) Limiting movement in the wound area to promote healing
Used to secure a dressing to the anus or perineum or within the groin

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