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Pyloric sphincter
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Ring-like muscle that controls the flow from the stomach to the duodenum.
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Pyloric sphincter
Ring-like muscle that controls the flow from the stomach to the duodenum.
Large organ located in the right quadrant of the abdomen. Functions to remove toxins from the blood and turning food into the fuel and nutrients the body needs
Pear-shaped organ about the size of an egg, located under the liver. Stores and concentrates bile for late use
Pertaining to the gallbladder
A soft, 6 inch long, oblong gland, located behind the stomach. Important in the digestive and endocrine systems. Pancreatic juices aid in digestion and contain sodium bicarbonate to help neutralize stomach acids and digestive enzymes. Pancreatic juices leave the pancreas through the pancreatic duct that joins the common bile duct just before the duodenum.
Includes all the processes involved int he body's use of nutrients. The two parts are: Anabolism-Building up of body cells and substances from nutrients. Catabolism-Breaking down of body cells or substances, releasing energy and carbon dioxide
The rumbling noise caused by the movement of gas in the intestine
Difficulty swallowing. Dys- difficult -Phagia- swallowing
Esophageal varices
Enlarged and swollen veins at lower end of the esophagus. Severe bleeding occurs if one of these veins ruptures.
Excessive secretion of gastric juices or mucus int he stomach
The loss of appetite for food, especially when caused by disease
Excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking. A common cause of gas in the stomach
Vomiting. The reflex ejection of the stomach contents through the mouth
Vomiting of blood
Twisting of the intestine on itself that causes an obstruction, usually in infancy.
the telescoping of one part of the small intestine into the opening of an immediately adjacent part. Rare condition sometimes found in infants and young children
Food poisoning. Rare, very serious, condition transmitted through contaminated food or an infected wound. Caused by toxin produced by bacterium Clostridium Botutinum, one of the most poisonous toxins. Can cause paralysis and sometimes death
Passage of black, tarry, and foul-smelling stools. Caused by the presence of digested blood and often indicates an injury or disorder in the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract.
Progressive degenerative disease of the liver that is often caused by excessive alcohol use or by viral Hepatitis B or C. Marked by the formation of areas of scarred liver tissue that are filled with fat. Liver damage causes abnormal conditions throughout the body
Pain in the gallbladder
The presence of gallstones int he gallbladder or bile ducts
The visual examination of the anal canal and lower rectum using a anoscope
Hemoccult test
Fecal occult blood test. Lab test for hidden blood in the stool.
Gastrostomy tube
Surgically placed feeding tube from the exterior of the body into the stomach permanently to provide nutrition for pt's who cannot swallow or take sufficient nutrients by mouth
A surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures
Surgical removal of an ileum
Surgical repair of the rectum

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