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migration
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movement of people for the purpose of settling in a new place; The land bridge from the last Ice Age, now in modern day Bering Strait, was the mechanism used to allow Asians to migrate to the Americas.
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terms list

migration
movement of people for the purpose of settling in a new place; The land bridge from the last Ice Age, now in modern day Bering Strait, was the mechanism used to allow Asians to migrate to the Americas.
kinship
family relationships that create a social structure; Native Americans had a social structure of kinship, in which people were grouped into families, and the father or eldest man was the leader of the kinship.
clan
a group of kinships; Native Americans had clans that met often.
oral history
traditions and histories passed down by mouth; Natives kept customs and beliefs alive by this mechanism.
barter
trade; The Mohave of the Great Basin carried this out with people on the California coast.
feudalism
when a powerful noble or lord owns and divides his lands for lesser lords, who in return offered military and other services; Occured during the Middle Ages.
middle class
a social class between the wealthy and the poor; Occured during the fall of feudalism.
magna carta
"Great Charter"; Because of sparring monarchs, this came into establishment.
renaissance
"rebirth"; An era of enormous creativity and rapid change that began in Italy in the 1300s.
reformation
widespread criticism of the Church led to this; In 1517, The Roman Catholic Church led this movement because of corruption among the clergy.
Columbian Exchange
a new era of transatlantic trade; Columbus's journey across the Atlantic initiated this.
cash crop
crops that are grown, not for use, but for sale; Portugal and Spain established plantations so that they could grow these.
Pueblo Revolt of 1680
a unification and revolt of the Pueblo; Following years of drought the Pueblo united to fight agianst Spanish
joint stock company
a company funded and ran by a group of investors who share the company's profits and losses; Happened in the Jamestown Settlement.
indentured servant
a person who is bonded or contracted to work for another for a seven years; Used during the tabacco boom.
Bacon's Rebellion
A rebellion lead by Nathaniel Bacon with backcountry farmers to attack Native Americans in an attemp to gain more land for the poor
puritan
a person excessively concerned about propriety and decorum
pilgrim
someone who journeys in foreign lands
mayflower compact
This document was drafted in 1620 prior to settlement by the Pilgrims at Plymouth Bay in Massachusetts. It declared that the 41 males who signed it agreed to accept majority rule and participate in a government in the best interest of all members of the colony. This agreement set the precedent for later documents outlining commonwealth rule.
Great Migration
Period of immigration to Canada from 1815 to 1850.
religious toleration
acceptance of religious differences
Salem Witch Trails
Event that made the Puritans realize that church and state should be separated
Sachem
a chief of a North American tribe or confederation (especially an Algonquian chief)
Pequot Wars
Indians in Connecticut valley refuse colonization and attack Wakefield. Massachussets colony burns them, killing 500 Indians.
King Philips War
1675 - A series of battles in New Hampshire between the colonists and the Wompanowogs, led by a chief known as King Philip. The war was started when the Massachusetts government tried to assert court jurisdiction over the local Indians. The colonists won with the help of the Mohawks, and this victory opened up additional Indian lands for expansion.
Middle Colony
What colony is New York a part of?
Propriety colony
Colony run by individuals or groups to whom land was granted
quakers
a Christian sect founded by George Fox about 1660
southern colony
What colony is Maryland a part of?
mercantilism
an economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests
balcance of trade
difference in value between imports and exports
salutory neglect
a term coined by British statesman Edmund Burke reguarding the English colonies; idea that the colonies benefitted by being left alone, without too much British interference.
staple crop
crops grown for commercial sale, usually produced in a colonial area and sold in europe.
triangle trade
a trade route that exchanged goods between the West Indies, the American colonies, and West Africa
apprentice
works for an expert to learn a trade
self-sufficient
able to provide there own needs
stono rebellion
A 1739 slave rebellion in Charleston, South Carolina
Great Awakening
Religious revival in the American colonies of the eighteenth century during which a number of new Protestant churches were established.
itinerant
an itinerant laborer who works for a short time in various places
French and Indian War
a war in North America between France and Britain (both aided by indian tribes)
Albany Plan of Union
A proposal for increased unity and cooperation among the colonies
Treaty of Paris 1763
Officially ended French/Indian war, Britain dominated
Stamp Act
an act passed by the British parliment in 1756 that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents
Boston Massacre
The first bloodshed of the Amercan Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five americans
1st Continental Congress
On September 1774, delegates from 12 colonies gathered in Philadelphia. After debating, the delegates passed a resolution backing Mass. in its struggle. Decided to boycott all British goods and to stop exporting goods to Britain until the Intolerance Act was canceled.
Lexington and Concord
the first battle of the American Revolution (April 19, 1775)
Sugar Act
law passed by parliament to try to raise money
Quartering Act
an act passed by the British that allowed British troops to live in the homes of the colonists
The Sons of Liberty
a mix of men around the colonies who formed in response to the Stamp Act; they used pamphlet literature
The Intolerable Acts
Created to punish Massachusetts colonists for the Boston Tea Party. These restrictions led to more anger towards Great Britain. It consisted of the Port Bill, the Quartering Act, limits on town meetings, and British officials being tried in Great Britain for crimes committed in the colonies.
The Boston Tea Party
(1773) Colonists in Boston throws millions of dollars of tea off of British ships in protest of their Tea Tax and Boston Mass cure.
Common Sense
sound practical judgment
2nd Continental Congress
Group of men who became the United States 1st Government. Responsible for "Declaration of Independence".
Treaty of Tordesillas
Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas.
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