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Behavior
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Any overt (observable) response or activity by an organism.
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terms list

Behavior
Any overt (observable) response or activity by an organism.
Applied psychology
The branch of psychology concerned with everyday, practical problems.
Behaviorism
A theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psychology should study only observable behavior.
Clinical psychology
The branch of psychology concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders
Cognition
The mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge.
Critical thinking
The use of cognitive skills and strategies that increase the probability of a desired outcome.
Culture
The widely shared customs, beliefs, values, norms, institutions, and other products of a community that are transmitted socially across generations.
Empiricism
The premise that knowledge should be acquired through observation.
Ethnocentrism
The tendency to view one's own group as superior to others and as the standard for judging the worth of foreign ways.
Evolutionary psychology
Theoretical perspective that examines behavioral processes in terms of their adaptive value for a species over the course of many generations.
Functionalism
A school of psychology based on the belief that psychology should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness, rather than its structure.
Humanism
A theoretical orientation that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans, especially their freedom and their potential for personal growth.
Introspection
Careful, systematic observation of one's own conscious experience.
Natural selection
Principle stating that heritable characteristics that provide a survival reproductive advantage are more likely than alternative characteristics to be passed on to subsequent generations and thus come to be "selected" over time.
Positive psychology
Approach to psyychology that uses theory and research to better understand the positive, adaptive, creative, and fulfilling aspects of human existence.
Psychiatry
A branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders.
Psychoanalytic theory
A theory developed by Freud that attempts to explain personality, motivation, and mental disorders by focusing on unconscious determinants of behavior.
Psychology
The science that studies behavior and the physiological and cognitive processes that underlie it, and the profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems.
SQ3R
The science that studies behavior and the physiological and cognitive processes that underlie it, and the profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems.
Structuralism
A school of psychology based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and to investigate how these elements are related.
Testwiseness
The ability to use the characteristics and format of a cognitive test to maximize one's score.
Theory
A system of interrelated ideas that is used to explain a set of observations.
Unconscious
According to Freud, thoughts, memories, and desires that are well below the surface of conscious awareness but that nonetheless exert great influence on behavior.
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