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laid material basis for Italian Renaissance
laid material basis for Italian Renaissance
period of phenomenal commerical, financial development, growing polit power of self governing cities, great population expansion, etc
14th to 16th century, term used to describe cultural acheievements
Great commercial revival, period in which Northern Italian cities led the way
Venice, Genoa, Milan profit greatly from overseas trade during this period
during this century, advancements in shipbuilding allowed even more benefit
industry that was a major factor in Florence's financial and population increase
scholars agree first artistic and literary manifestations of the Italian Renaissance began here
this city possessed enormous wealth, despite geographical restraints
period in which Florentines gained control of Papal Banking
all profits from papal banking-- loans, interest, etc. was pumped back into this.
13th century, new way of banking that helped Florentine's acquire great wealth from positions as tax collectors for the Papcy.
year that King Edward III of England repudiated his huge debts to florentine bankers and even put some in bankruptcy
serious labor unrest, year in which Ciompi revolts took place
sworn associations of free men seeking complete political and economic independence from local nobles
formed the communes, but also built and maintained city walls, regulated trade, raised taxes, and kept civil order
period in which Milan, Florence, Genoa, Siena and Pisa fought for and won their independence from surrounding feudal nobles.
often sealed business contracts between the rural nobility and the mercantile aristocracy.
new force, disenfranchised and heavily taxed, bitterly resented their exclusion from power. , italian underclass; a new force that disenfranchised and heavily taxed the people bitterly for being excluded from holding power. They used armed force and violence to take over the government. (p.416-417)
period in which popolo used armed force and violence to take over the city governments
despots or one man rulers, 1300--type of gov where the despots pretended to observe the law while actually manipulating it to conceal their basic illegality
the rule of merchant aristocracies-- possessed constitutions but only a small class controlled the functions of government.
During these centuries all of the Italian city-states were ruled by signori or constitutional oligarchies
in this year, Venice had a population of 84,000 but only 200 men held all the power
during this period, political power and elite culture centered on the princely courts
the space and personnel around a prince as he made laws, received ambassadors, made appointments, took his meals, and proceeded through the streets.
during this period these five powers dominated the Italian Peninsula: Venice, Milan, Florence, The Papal States, and the Kingdom of Naples
Venice, Milan, Florence, The Papal States, Naples
five powers that dominated the Italian peninsula in the 15th century
banking family that dominated Milan
city with enormous trade, and vast colonial empire. Had a sophisticated constitution and was a repulic in name.
banking family that ran Florence
period in which power was held by Medici
Venice, Milan, Florence
cities with republican governments, but actually ran by despots or oligarchs (3)
consisted mainly of the Papal states
son of Pope Alex VI
Pope Alex VI
reasserted papal authority in the papal lands
the hero of Machiavelli's "The Prince" because he began the work of uniting the peninsula by ruthlessly conquering and exacting total obedience from the principalities making up the Papal States
consisted of virtually all of sourthern italy and at times sicily
year that Naples had been passed to Aragon
kingdom that had long been disputed by the Aragonese and the French
year that Venice went to war against Milan in protest against Francesco Sforza's acquisition of the title duke of Milan
new social class that resulted in the marriage of rural nobility and merchant aristocrats
year the peace treaty was signed in Lodi
pattern of shifting alliances continued until...
one of the greatest acheievements of the Italian Renaissancesomeone from one country staying in some other country and handling any affairs that involve both countries i guess
dominincan friar, attacked paganism, predicted the frence invasion, became the religious leader of florence and contributed to the fall of the Medici dynasty.
French king that invaded Italy in 1494
Year that Charles VIII invaded Italy
period that Charles VII revives France and monarchy
invention of moveable type
Pope Julius II begins work on Saint Peter's Basilica
Pope Julius II
pope that began work on Saint Peter's Basilica
Michelangelo paints the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
Marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella
Machiavelli- The Prince
Erasmus publishes Greek New Testament
at the end of this century, Venice, Florence Milan and the papcy possessed great wealth and represented high cultural achievement
Leage of Cambrai
Charles VIII, Louis XII, Maximillian, Pope--formed this in 1508 with the purpose of stripping rich Venice of its mainland possessions.
Charles VIII, Louis XII, Pope, German Emperor Maximillian
these people formed the Leage of Cambrai
Year that the League of Cambrai was formed
Pope Leo X
found france a dangerous friend and called on the Spanish and Germans to expel the French from Italy.
year that Charles V became holy Roman Emperor
succeeded Maximillan as Holy Roman Emperor
Habsburg Valois wars
wars between the French and Germans when the French returned to Italy
year of the Habsburg Valois Wars
battlefield of the Habsburg Valois Wars
during this period, the political and social life of Italy was upset by the relentless competition for dominance between France and the Empire
Sack of Rome
King that conducted the Sack of Rome
year that Italy achieved unification
believed he was living at the start of a new age, a period of light following a long night of Gothic Gloom.
stressed personality, uniqueness, genius, and full development of one's capabilities and talents.
the literary culture needed by anyone who would be considered educated and civilized.
Pope Nicholas V
pope who planned the Vatican Library
Pope Sixtus IV
built the Vatican Library
Humanists studied the _______ to learn what they revealed about human nature
involves a basic concern with the material world instead of with the eternal world of spirit
did Renaisannce humanists accept paganism?
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